mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. in some areas, mountains block rain, so that one side of a mountain range may be rainy and the other side may be a desert. much of airborne moisture falls as rain on the windward side of mountains.
here is the answer
water, ice, acids, salts, plants, animals, and changes in temperature are all agents of weathering. weathering is the breaking down or dissolving of rocks and minerals on earths surface. once a rock has been broken down, a process called erosion transports the bits of rock and minerals away.